Armenia is a landlocked country on the southeastern edge of Europe at the gateway to the Middle East and Asia. It is bordered on the north and east by Georgia and Azerbaijan and on the south and west by Turkey. Armenia is ranked 142nd in terms of land mass.
The terrain consists mostly of the mountainous Lesser Caucasus, a region prone to earthquakes, and the sloping Armenian Plain. The climate is highland continental, with hot summers and cold winters.
Armenia is a major producer of molybdenum and has significant deposits of copper and gold. Additionally, it has smaller deposits of lead, silver, zinc, and other industrial minerals.