Australia is the sixth-largest country in the world. It has a geography reflecting its size, encompassing mountains, deserts, tropical regions and forests. The country can be divided broadly into the following geographical regions.
Australia is the lowest, flattest, and oldest continental landmass on Earth with a variety of climates from arid/semi-arid desert regions to tropical northern region.
Australia is the world's largest net exporter of coal, accounting for 29% of global coal exports in addition to having reserves of bauxite, iron ore, copper, tin, gold, silver, uranium, nickel, tungsten, rare earth elements, natural gas and petroleum.