Azerbaijan is situated in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. The country borders the Caspian Sea to the east, Georgia and Russia to the north, Iran to the south, and Armenia to the southwest and west. The special administrative subdivision of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, which is separated from the rest of Azerbaijan by a strip of Armenian territory, also borders Turkey.
The geography of Azerbaijan is dominated by the Caspian Sea to the east, the Greater Caucasus mountain range to the north and the central flatlands, all of which give rise to a varying climate across the country.
Azerbaijan has natural resources of petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, nonferrous metals and bauxite.