Georgia is located to the south of the Greater Caucasus range which lies along its northern border with Russia whilst encompassing the Lesser Caucasus at its southern borders with Turkey, Armenia and Azerbaijan. The east coast of the country lies adjacent to the Black Sea.
Georgia’s climate ranges from year-round subtropical conditions on the Black Sea coast to continental conditions, with cold winters and hot summers, in the extreme east. The mountainous regions have cold, wet winters and cool summers. The Greater Caucasus range moderates local climate by serving as a barrier against cold air from the north.
Georgia has significant reserves of natural resources including oil, mineral deposits iron ore, coal and timber.