Country Name - IranIran flag

Head of stateSupreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei
President Hassan Rouhani
Capital CityTehran
Official LanguagePersian and Persian dialects 58%, Turkic and Turkic dialects 26%, Kurdish 9%, Luri 2%, Balochi 1%, Arabic 1%, Turkish 1%, other 2%
GDP (PPP) 2013 Estimate ($ billions)1244.33
Population 201276,424,443
Ease of Doing Business Rank 2014152
Scientific ranking 201417
HDI ranking 201375
Visitor Health InformationClick here
Ambassador to the UKVacant
Embassy DetailsEmbassy of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Embassy Address16 Prince's Gate, London, SW7 1PT
Telephone020 7225 4208
Data Sources: GDP - IMF World Economic Outlook Database (Oct 2013), Population data - World Bank, Ease of Doing Business Rankings - World Bank, Scientific Rankings - SCImago Journal Rank, HDI Rankings - United Nations

Iran is located in West Asia and borders seven countries, Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iraq, Pakistan, Turkmenistan and Turkey. To the north of the country lies the Caspian Sea whilst the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman lie to the south.

Iran consists of rugged, mountainous rims surrounding high interior basins on which major agricultural and urban settlements are located. The main mountain chain is the Zagros Mountains, a series of parallel ridges interspersed with plains that bisect the country from northwest to southeast.

Iran has a variable climate. In the northwest, winters are cold with heavy snowfall whilst spring and autumn are mild, with dry, hot summers. In the south, winters are mild and the summers are very hot.

Iran has the fourth largest oil reserves and the largest natural gas reserves in the world as well as reserves of coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc and sulphur.

Snapshot from Iran