Israel lies at the western end of Asia where it meets the Mediterranean Sea. It shares land borders with Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, the Palestinian territories of Gaza and the West Bank and with Syria.
Israel's geographical regions include:
The climate of Israel varies from semi-arid in the south changing to a Mediterranean climate along the coast and becoming colder in the mountain regions.
Israel do not have the traditional natural reserves of countries within the region. However it does have reserves of potash, from the Dead Sea, which is used in fertilizers and also magnesium bromide which is used in medications such as sedatives. Additionally, Israel has reserves of copper ore, natural gas, phosphate rock and clay.