Kazakhstan is the ninth largest country in the world and the world's largest landlocked country by land area. It is located in Central Asia and borders Russia, China, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan also adjoining a large part of the Caspian Sea.
Geographically Kazakhstan exhibits a broad range of terrain including flatlands, steppe, mountains, and deserts.
The highest point is the top of the mountain Khan Tengri in the southeast measuring 21,999 feet above sea level; the lowest point is in the south west of the country at the bottom of the Karagiye depression at 433 feet below sea level. Three-quarters of the country is mainly desert or semi-desert whilst to the north lie plains and forests.
Kazakhstan displays a continental climate of hot summers and cold winters.
Kazakhstan is a mineral rich country. It holds some of the largest global deposits of wolframium (tungsten) and molybdenum as well as vast deposits of iron ore, chrome ore and other minerals such as copper, manganese and gold.