Pakistan straddles the meeting point of the Indian and Eurasian tectonic plates. It shares borders with Afghanistan, China, India and Iran and has a coastal shore to the south with the Arabian Sea.
Pakistan is broadly divided into three major geographic areas:
The climate of Pakistan varies from tropical to temperate. To the south, the country experiences a monsoon season whilst the mountainous region to the north experiences extreme cold for most of the year.
Pakistan has extensive natural gas reserves and some petroleum oil reserves. It has large deposits of rock salt and other mineral reserves including limestone, iron ore and copper.