Country Name - TajikistanTajikistan flag

Head of statePresident Emomalii Rahmon
Capital CityDushanbe
Official LanguageTajik (official), Russian widely used in government and business
GDP (PPP) 2013 Estimate ($ billions)20.62
Population 2012 8,008,990
Ease of Doing Business Rank 2014143
Scientific ranking 2014156
HDI ranking 2013133
Visitor Health InformationClick here
Ambassador to the UKH.E. Mr Erkin Kasymov
Embassy DetailsEmbassy of the Republic of Tajikistan
Embassy Address26-28 Hammersmith Grove, London, W6 7BA
Telephone0208 834 1003
Data Sources: GDP - IMF World Economic Outlook Database (Oct 2013), Population data - World Bank, Ease of Doing Business Rankings - World Bank, Scientific Rankings - SCImago Journal Rank, HDI Rankings - United Nations

Tajikistan is a landlocked Central Asian country sharing borders with Afghanistan, China, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan.

Over 90% of Tajikistan is covered by mountains, including those of the Pamir Mountains and the Alay Mountains. The difficult terrain separates Tajikistan's two population centres, which occupy the lowlands of the southern and northern sections of the country. Tajikistan lies in an active seismic belt where severe earthquakes are common.

The climate of Tajikistan is greatly influenced by the country's geography changing according to elevation. The northern lowlands are in the main shielded by mountains from the Arctic air, whilst in the subtropical southwestern lowlands the climate is arid. During the winter, the temperature in the Pamir Mountains ranges between -15 to -20°C.

Tajikistan has some reserves of coal and natural gas, but its most significant natural resource comes from its hydropower potential.